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P2P network
#Term

P2P is an efficient method of transferring data over the Internet. The best-known example of a P2P network is torrent.

Firewall
#Term

A firewall is a type of system used to monitor connections between computer networks. As one of the first responses to malicious activity carried out over the Internet, firewalls have become a standard part of corporate, government, and private networks.firewall

IP address
#Term

IP address is the identifier of the device connected to the network.

IP address
Proxy server
#Term

A proxy server is a system that routes traffic between networks or protocols. The proxy server has its own IP address, so it acts as an intermediary between your computer and the Internet.

proxy-server.png
What is a DNSBL and how it works?
#Term

Domain Name System blacklists, also known as DNSBL or DNS blacklists, are spam blocking lists that allow the website administrator to block messages from certain systems.

TCP handshake
#Term

To establish a reliable connection, TCP uses a process called the “three-way handshake”. The established connection will be full-duplex, that is, both channels can transmit information simultaneously, and they also synchronize (SYN) and acknowledge (ACK) with each other.

What is TLS fingerprinting?
#Term

To effectively protect information, it is necessary to understand what is happening with traffic within the network. However, this is not the easiest task, as it is further complicated by the widespread use of the Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol, which interferes with traditional methods of monitoring network security. But then TLS fingerprinting comes to the rescue - a method that will help you understand the traffic without depriving you of any advantages of the TLS protocol. For each client, the “fingerprint " remains static from session to session.

Attacks against websites
#Term

Malicious actions impacting web resources on the Internet. Attacks of this kind are usually classified into mass and targeted types. Attacks of the first type target a site as a whole and are usually automated. In mass attacks, attackers use their knowledge of popular tools and widespread vulnerabilities. Targeted attacks, on the other hand, are usually carried out by manually searching for vulnerabilities and exploiting them. The damage inflicted by an attack of this type can be fatal.

Internet Protocol, IP
#Term

A network level protocol used in data networks based on Internet standards. Ensures data transmission from one Internet node to any other by “slicing” it and “packaging” into IP packets.

Round-Trip Time, RTT
#Term

The time period from the moment a data packet was sent until receiving an acknowledgment of its receipt.

Link bandwidth, link throughput
#Term

A key link characteristic, the maximum data transfer rate achievable via the link.

TCP window size
#Term

The size of a buffer used when receiving a packet. Essentially, this is the amount of data sent in one TCP packet. By default, TCP window size can be no more than 65535 bytes. With the window scale option, however, the window size value can be up to 1Gb.

What are cookies?
#Term

A piece of data locally stored by a Web client, characterizing a user from the viewpoint of a server accessed by the user.

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